Category Archives: College

A Full Guide to Qualitative Research

two women talking

Every student faces two types of research through their study years. If you haven’t checked our guide to quantitative research yet, you definitely should as we cover a lot of important points there. Now, let’s find out what qualitative research is, how it differs from quantitative research, and how to implement one to use the results for your academic work.

Definition

Qualitative research is the process of collection descriptive data through conversing, questioning, and observing. While quantitative research aims to get numerical data, qualitative research focuses on the data that characterizes particular phenomena, behavior, objects, and events. It can’t be measured but can provide useful insights and a foundation for quantitative research.

Qualitative research is often used in various sociology and psychology studies as it can help understand the behavior and preferences of particular groups of people. It’s also commonly used in marketing management to determine what marketing strategies a business should implement to draw the attention of their target audience.

Characteristics

Qualitative research has particular specifics that one should consider when deciding on what type of research to use for their study:

  1. Qualitative research requires gathering lots of data from various sources in order to get the most reliable results. That’s why it might be time-consuming. However, if you need to conduct research for your paper, you can surely turn to a professional team that will nail it.
  2. The data needed for research should often be collected at sight. For example, if researchers want to learn more about the nature of nightmares, they should work with people who are experiencing them at the moment and not used to in the past. That means that sometimes searching for the right group of participants might be challenging.
  3. The complex problems that a researcher wants to solve should be broken into smaller segments in order to make it possible to explore the problem, its cause, and its effects.

Data Gathering Methods

There are a few types of qualitative research methods that one can use for their studies.

Interviews

Interviews (often one-on-one type) are one of the most common methods of qualitative research that are used for various studies. Interviews are usually held in order to get an opinion from a group of participants but without their communication with each other. Such interviews are preferred in psychology studies as they allow to avoid biases and gather precise data that is not affected by the answers of other participants.

Interviews can be conducted not only face-to-face but also by phone or video calls. This method has a particular advantage: a researcher can control the process and choose the questions to ask according to the previous answer. This is what differs this method from written questionnaires or surveys with a specific set of questions where a personalized approach can’t be applied.

Observation

If the researchers want to collect information from the participants without changing their natural setting, the method of observation is applied. It is a process of collecting data by observing and through involvement in the activities led by the participants themselves. In other words, when observing, researchers can make conclusions about the setting and behavior of the participants without intruding in their lives.

Observations are important as they allow gathering the data that wouldn’t be that reliable if asked in an interview. Many people might not give the answer to a particular question, but their behavior in their natural setting will provide such an answer to the researchers.

Focus groups

The group of participants that is used to explore and study a phenomenon is called a focus group. Research that uses such a method aims to collect information from a particular group of people that might (or might not) share some common qualities.

Often, focus groups are gathered to have group discussions and therefore determine similarities and correlations. It’s important to create the right environment for such discussions in order to gather truthful and reliable data.

Criticism

Though qualitative research methods are frequently used in various studies and researches, there are particular characteristics that should be paid attention to.

Reliability

As qualitative data is commonly collected from the information that participants give themselves, it’s hard to call it totally reliable. Such research should always consider possible biases and deviations as it’s hard to sort and test this information.

Some participants might not give honest answers or try to give the answers that are expected or requested. Other participants might be not aware of their biases due to various circumstances and even the presence of researchers themselves. So, it’s one of the main issues that one might face when conducting qualitative research.

Analysis

Another difficulty that many researchers face is the step after the collection of the data – the data analysis. Unlike the quantitative research that deals with raw numbers, the qualitative data is much more diverse, thus it is hard to analyze it and interpret it appropriately and stay unbiased.

The same data can be interpreted differently depending on the aims of the research, experience of the researcher, instruments used, etc. That’s why it’s so important to combine various methods of research in order to collect as much data as possible and use different methods of analysis.

Wrapping Up

So, this was our guide to qualitative research. We hope you find it useful for your studies. Remember that the combination of various research types and methods usually get the most reliable results. It requires time and effort, but if done right, such researches can give very useful insights and even provide a fresh look at the problem.

A Full Guide to Quantitative Research

a book and a notebook on the table

When talking about researching and data collection processes, it’s hard not to mention the two major categories of research – quantitative and qualitative. Some students might feel frustrated about these two types and not really understand what they are and how to use them in their papers. So, we have prepared a complete guide that will tell you everything that you should know to conduct in-depth research for your academic works.

Definition

Quantitative research is the process of gathering various numerical data in order to study some phenomenon or case. This raw data is later transformed into graphs and tables, proceeded, and analyzed. It commonly uses measurable data to test theories and assumptions, discover patterns, and formulate facts.

Quantitative research is commonly transformed into statistics that later can be combined with qualitative research results in order to develop ideas and hypotheses.

Methods

There are four types of quantitative research methods that are commonly used in various studies:

  • Experimental research
  • Correlational research
  • Causal-comparative research
  • Descriptive research

Our experts conduct each and every type of research that is needed. So, if you feel overwhelmed, you can always turn to our team for help. And now, let’s find out what are the specifics of methods that are used in quantitative research.

Experimental research

Experimental research is a quantitative method that aims to prove or disprove a hypothesis (in some cases, a number of hypotheses). It is one of the most common research methods in science (commonly natural sciences, such as biology or physics) and establishes the causes and effects of various phenomena. Every student faces experimental research in the lab during their science classes, so it’s easy to understand the specifics, such as the combination of practical and theoretical knowledge, the variety of possible outcomes, etc.

There are three types of experimental research design:

  • Pre-experimental research design – is a design where an experimental group (or a number of groups) is observed and studied without comparing it to a control group. It is named so due to its main purpose – to define if the further study should be done.
  • Quasi-experimental research design – is a design that implies selecting groups without any random assignment or pre-selection process.
  • True experimental research design – is a design where researchers have control over the variabilities and randomized assignment of control and test groups. This is the most accurate type of research design.

Correlational research

Correlational research is a method that aims to define correlation and relationships between two or more variables. For example, there might be a correlation between such things as carpets and allergies, where these variables are measured between -1 and +1. If the correlation coefficient is close to 1, it tells us that there is a positive correlation – carpets cause allergies. It’s not an absolute fact, and it doesn’t mean that every carpet owner will have an allergy. It just means that it is more likely with people who live with carpets in their homes to have allergies.

Causal-comparative research

Causal-comparative research aims to find correlations and causative relations; however, unlike correlational research, it studies dependent and independent variables. Mainly it studies how focus groups change under the influence of variables, or in other words, how an independent variable affects dependent variables.

Descriptive research

Descriptive research is a method that studies the objects or phenomena from a descriptive point of view. In other words, it aims to collect quantifiable data about the object of the study in order to later use it for statistics and further analysis. Descriptive research deals with independent variables – thus none of them can be manipulated.

The data obtained in the process of descriptive research can be used for cross-sectional studies, comparison, patterns discovery, etc. The most common descriptive research method is an observation that aims to collect numerical data based on the observations. For example, researchers can collect information about their focus group such as their height and weight, age, income, etc.

The other way to collect information for descriptive research is to use surveys and case studies, which are also highly effective.

Strengths

When deciding what data collection method or approach to choose, it’s important to consider the strength and limitations of each of the options. Here are the specifics of quantitative research that might be beneficial for your study.

High reliability

The main specific, which is also the main advantage, is that quantitative research results are objective and unbiased (if the research was done right) and logical and statistical, thus are highly reliable.

Speed

Quantitative research is also faster to conduct as there is no such information that needs to be interpreted or evaluated, so the results are faster and easier to analyze. For example, if the surveys are conducted, the respondents don’t need to explain their choice or fill out open-ended questions, so there will be no extra work besides calculating and putting the data together into tables or statistics.

Generalization

Quantitative research can interpret the results received from a target group (or the group of research) and apply them to a larger group, making generalized conclusions.

Limitations

There are also limitations to pay attention to, especially, if you are going to use quantitative research in the process of writing a research paper.

Context

When dealing with raw numbers (which is what quantitative research does), it’s hard to understand the context of the phenomenon which is studied. It limits the outcomes which might not properly represent the phenomenon but generalize it instead.

Resources

Researchers don’t always have access to the proper sources of data they need. The lack of resources might be the reason why results are biased and inaccurate.

Generally, quantitative research should be supported by qualitative research also as they create a wonderful combination that allows examining and studying complex objects while staying unbiased in the conclusions.

So, this was our guide on quantitative research. We hope that you find it useful for your studies!

The List of Essential Skills for a College Student

a college student reading a magazine

Have you ever wondered if there is a set of habits and skills that makes a college student successful? Or if there are some skills that a high school student should develop before going to college? We have created a list of such skills that help a college student not only succeed in studying but also get the most out of college years.

Self-Discipline

This is the most important skill that a college student should possess or develop through the school year. It’s hard to overestimate the importance of self-discipline as it is one of the main factors that affect students’ grades.

Being self-disciplined means valuing your time and making decisions that sometimes might be pretty hard. It’s also about establishing a schedule and following it, putting enough time and effort into studies (even if they are boring), and setting the right short-term goals.

College is a place with numerous temptations like late-night parties, laziness, and alcohol, so it’s often hard for a person to concentrate on their studies. That is why college years might become a real challenge for one’s self-discipline.

Time Management

How often do we hear people complaining that they can’t find time to do something? However, there are also people who can study, work, and even manage to raise kids and have hobbies at the same time. How is it possible? Do the latter have more than 24 hours in a day? No. They just can manage their time successfully.

Time management is not about finding an activity to keep you busy but rather being objective when it comes to planning ahead and setting tasks. When you know how much time you need to complete an assignment, it’s easy to plan your evening and spend time effectively.

By establishing a schedule and planning your activities beforehand, you can achieve success in studying while keeping your social life. When one knows how to manage their time, they tend to procrastinate less and get to work when they get the task instead of waiting until the very last moment. That’s the main reason why students with great time management skills rarely miss the deadlines – they had it in their schedule and completed the task beforehand. If you face difficulties with managing and plannin your time, you can turn to us for assistance with your assignments.

Personal Finance Management

When living far away from your home, there is a lot you need to learn how to do, including managing your finances. It all depends on the amount of financial support you get (if any), but generally, it’s hard for the majority of students to stick to their budget.

Every college student should be able to plan their spending ahead and rationally use their budget. It’s hard considering all the temptations, like parties, concerts, and fashionable clothes. However, college teaches how to make priorities.

Self-Care Skills

Many students who live with their parents face the need to care about themselves only when coming to college. This is the time when they realize they don’t know how to do their laundry, how many times they should change their bedsheets per semester, and where to buy various necessities.

If you are laughing while reading this, then you are probably one of those students who were taught how to take care of yourself and your home, and that’s a great start already. However, if you have never learned how to unclog the shower drain, it’s just the right time to start doing so. There are a lot of things that college students who live in the dorms have to deal with, so being prepared is the must.

Self-care skills also imply paying attention to your appearance and well-being. You will be the one responsible for your health, hygiene, and clothes. So, being acquainted with different medicines and health/beauty routines is highly suggested.

Communication Skills

There’s nothing wrong with being introverted or shy. However, college is not really that place where you can easily avoid communication. So, future (or present) college students should really work on their communication skills.

Talking to your professor, roommate, or classmates might seem intimidating if you are a rather shy person, however, practice is what you need to feel more comfortable in a conversation. Here are a few tips for you:

  • Keep a friendly approach. It’s always awkward when a person who you are speaking seems to not enjoy this conversation (but rather treats you as a burden). You wouldn’t want that happen to you, right? So, don’t be the person who acts like that in the first place. Many shy people seem hostile when approached. Don’t do that, control your facial expression, and be friendly when someone starts talking to you.
  • Be a good listener. There is hardly anything ruder than interrupting a person while they are speaking or not paying attention to the conversation. Make sure to learn how to listen to a person in order to become better in communicating.
  • Show your interest. Ask questions – they are great for establishing contact and finding something in common.

Research Skills

Being in college means writing tons of assignments, which also means knowing how to do your research. This is the type of skill that will significantly help you with your written assignments – saving you time and improving your grade.

Learn how to conduct research and look for the right sources for your works while you are still in high school to make sure you are ready for college assignments. And if you are a college student already, improve your researching skills by creating a list of reliable sources such as Google Scholar in your computer for easier access and learning some tips and tricks on googling the needed keywords.

5 Tips to Stay Productive During Holidays and Breaks

a girl in a scarf with a cup of coffee

Every student looks forward to taking it easy during the holiday break. After a fast-paced and challenging semester, it is always nice to have some time off to relax, spend time with family and friends, and not worry about the next test or assignment due. However, while school breaks don’t need to be work-intensive, you should still try to accomplish some things while you are away from your studies. After all, as soon as the break is over, you’ll be heading back to school, and you definitely want to be ready for that. Here are 5 great tips to help you stay productive during holidays and breaks.

Have a Holiday Break Plan

While it is nice to get away from the rigors of an academic schedule, you should still make a plan for how you’ll spend your break; otherwise, the time will pass quickly, and you’ll have missed opportunities. Prior to starting your break, look at a calendar and plot out how you’ll use the time. While you’ll want to have blank space on your schedule to simply rest and relax, you should also make sure that you allocate time to get together with friends and family; if you need to do any studying over the holiday, you should mark that on your calendar as well. Overall, having a holiday break plan will help you stay productive and get the most out of your holiday break time as well.

Stick to a Schedule

Don’t pick up any bad time management or sleep schedule habits while you’re away on your holiday break. If you party late into the night and sleep into the early afternoon every single day during your break, you’re going to be in for a big shock when you return to school.  Instead, stick to a more moderate schedule over the holiday where you might stay up a bit later, but still, get up at a reasonable time each morning. You should also try to eat your meals at normal times as well. Following a reasonable schedule during the break will allow you to have fun over the holidays, but still make it relatively easy to snap back into your school schedule when the break ends. Of course, if you face troubles when going back to classes after a long break, you can always get help from a professional team.

Make a Task List

One of the best ways to stay productive during holidays and breaks is to plan to accomplish things with the extra time you have.  Make a list of the things you need to get done, or that you would like to do over the holiday break. Your tasks could include mundane things, such as mailing a tuition payment or getting the oil changed in your car. It could also include fun events you’d like to do, such as go to a museum, or personal challenges to accomplish, like a 10K road race. Keep your written task list with you and mark off each task as it is accomplished. Doing so will help you stay more productive during your break, so you make the most of your time off.

Don’t Let Your Brain Rust

While you want to enjoy some much-needed time off during your break, you should also try to keep your mind sharp. Otherwise, you’ll be in for a bit of a shock when your classes start up again.  Here are a few activities you should consider to keep your mental edge over the holiday break:

  • Watch documentaries and educational shows
  • Read articles, books, or scholarly journals related to your course of study
  • Attempt to learn a new skill
  • Visit local museums, art galleries, or go see a play
  • Maintain your writing skills – keep a journal, try various writing exercises or write real letters to friends or family
  • Take a short online course in a topic that interests you
  • Solve the daily newspaper crossword puzzle
  • Pick up a hobby, such as knitting, gardening, jigsaw puzzles,

While this is by no means an all-inclusive list, any of these activities are fun to do and could help you keep your mind sharp during the holiday break. Consider trying one of them, or some other activity, so your mind stays active and engaged while you’re away from your studies; you’ll be thankful you did when your classes start up again. Also, check out some useful tips on how you can improve your writing skills.

Stay in Shape

Don’t turn into a couch potato over your holiday break, or you’ll be in for a rude awakening when you head back to school. If you’re an athlete, failing to work out and stay in shape over break could cost you a starting position on a team. Even if you don’t participate in sports, you don’t want to be out of shape and tired as you start the new semester. Take the time to exercise on a regular basis while you are home on break. Additionally, try not to overindulge at big family or holiday meals either. Putting a little effort in to work out and stay in shape will help you feel better and enjoy your holiday break even more; you’ll also be more prepared to head back to school and tackle your classes when the break comes to an end.

You can have fun, relax and enjoy your holiday break, and still remain productive. Just consider all of the tips offered here; if you do, you’ll have a terrific holiday break and be better prepared to start your next semester as well.

How to Spend Less Time on Homework

a girl is checking her wrist watchWe all know how hard it is to manage your homework and your social life at the same time. Sometimes you can’t help thinking about the things that you would prefer doing rather than sitting with an unfinished essay in front of you. So, is it possible to spend less time doing your homework? We believe it is. This post will tell you about the most efficient tactics that you should use to be more productive while doing your homework.

1. Stay Focused

When talking about productivity, it’s hard not to mention how staying focused is essential. Having too many thoughts and things that distract while doing your homework is a surefire way to increase the amount of time you spend on your tasks.

Analyze your usual study routine. What is it usually like? You probably sit with your TV, music, or YouTube on and try to do your homework. That is too much information for your brain to process. As a result, you retain information way worse than you could without such noise in the background and have to spend more time dealing with your assignments.

If you try focusing on your homework without texting people or watching entertaining videos, you might notice that you don’t need as much time to finish your work.

You can try a method that usually works for people who tend to get bored, concentrating on one task quickly:

  1. Decide what task you are going to work on.
  2. Set the timer for 20 or 25 minutes.
  3. Concentrate on the chosen task until the alarm goes off.
  4. Take a five-minute break.
  5. Repeat all the steps.

You can alternate tasks if you have a few of them to be able to work on each of them with fresh eyes. For example, if you have to complete an essay and finish your science project, try working on the essay for 20 minutes, taking a quick break, and then working on your science project.

2. Take Notes in Class

Taking notes is essential for every student. They help to retain information and build a study system that will suit your needs and your learning type. But have you ever thought about the way you take notes in class?

There are a few note-taking systems that are widespread among students. Here are some of them:

  • The Outline Method. This is one of the most common methods for taking notes. It implies using bullet points and subtopics that help to structure information into subcategories.
  • The Cornell Method. The main difference of this method is the page layout: the page is divided into two columns or blocks with the small column used to write down questions, comments, etc., while all the notes go into the large column.
  • The Charting Method. When this method is applied, the notes are written down into a table with separate columns with separate categories that are relevant for the topic.

Your note-taking method can be a game-changer for you. If you find a method that works for you the best, you will notice how the effectiveness of your home study sessions grows.

Basically, all you need to do is to try different page layouts and find out which method works for you the best. It will be easier if you know your learning style. There are many different styles of learning, including auditory, visual, and kinesthetic.

Developing a system that is the most convenient for you will make studying information much more effective and will allow you to structure the data without losing critical aspects.

3. Set the Timer

It is known that strict deadlines make people work faster. If you want to spend less time on your homework, you might need some motivation to stop procrastinating and get back to work. That is when setting a deadline can come in handy.

Decide how much time you objectively need to complete the task and set the timer. You can even reward yourself if you are on time to stay motivated while on your breaks (and breaks are essential).

For example, you have a one-page essay that you know you can finish in two hours with time for proofreading and editing included. Set the timer for two and a half hours to have a few breaks through the working process. Be strict and do your best to finish the work on time.

After a few times of trying this method, you will notice that you procrastinate less and finish your homework faster.

4. Don’t Put Homework Aside

Every student knows that putting the homework off until the last moment isn’t a healthy habit. However, most students do so no matter what the consequences (like sleepless nights and low grades) might be.

Try managing your homework piece by piece. Divide the massive assignments into smaller pieces and do them one by one, day by day. For example, if you need to complete a 3000-word research paper, you can start slowly by completing a paragraph a day. It won’t take much time and will make the task much easier. If you can’t help missing your deadlines, turn to a professional service that will help you manage all of your assignments when it is needed.

Remember that it is always hard to start. But once you do, the rest will be much easier to deal with. Don’t procrastinate!

How to Create a College Freshman Resume in Less Than an Hour

A lot of students, when entering a college, face a need to create a resume that can be requested both on campus and when applying for a job. How can a student create such a resume and keep it as modern and suitable as possible? We have gathered the best tips for your freshman resume, so don’t waste your time and let’s dive into this topic.

How to make a resume as a college freshman, and do you need one?

You never know when a new opportunity arises, so college freshman resume is better to be prepared beforehand in order to use it for:

Basically, this is the document that represents your strengths, sums up your accomplishments, and tells about your experience. Consider creating such a resume even if it seems like you don’t need it right now. For example, you might need a college freshman resume for an internship, and without a complete document on your hands, you might be too late to fill the vacant position. So, don’t miss your chance! Let’s create a freshman college student resume together.

1. Contact Information Block

Contact information is one of the most important parts of your resume. Make sure to update this block of your resume if something changes so as not to miss your opportunity because of the old phone number.

What information to include:

  • Your current address (campus, rented apartment, house)
  • Your phone number
  • Your email address

Make sure to create and use an email address which looks professional. Use your full name instead of nicknames for your email address name. Nicknames are more preferable for informal communication with your friends.

2. Your Objective

When creating a college student resume, provide an objective. This extra touch will make your resume look more polished. Your college freshman resume objective or in other words a summary should be brief and laconic (usually cut down to one sentence) to show your intentions and goals clearly.

Example:

To get into the university that will provide me with the exceptional knowledge of financial management so I will be able to develop a successful career.

3. Education Block

Commonly this block goes before achievements and work experience blocks. Here, you should provide information about your education, such as academic level, school, GPA, major, expected date of graduation from college, etc. You can also mention relevant coursework as a separated or included block with information about the subjects that you are currently studying or studied in the past.

Don’t forget to mention your honors or specific projects that showcase your skills.

Example:

The College of Wooster, Wooster, OH.

The Bachelor of Arts in Urban Studies

Graduation expected May 2023

The Wooster High School, Wooster, OH. (High school information should be removed from your resume when starting your sophomore year).

Awards: National Merit Scholar

GPA: 4.0/4.2

Graduated May 2019

4. Employment Experience Block

When you are a freshman, typically there is not much information that you can put in your resume. So, all the relevant experience will be suitable.

How to write a resume with little experience?

It’s hard to write a lot in this block when creating a resume for college freshman as usually there are not many jobs for those who under 18 available. But you can include all of your part-time jobs and volunteering projects that you have participated in. Don’t forget to mention what your duties were or what goals you have achieved while working. Even your experience as a teenage babysitter can be put in here if presented as a job that taught you how to be responsible and attentive.

A tip: if you feel that this block seems too poor or irrelevant, you can combine two blocks together – Employment and Relevant Projects to put more info in here.

Example:

Sales Seasonal Associate (June 2018 — July 2019)

Bath & Body Works Store, Wooster, OH.

  • Provided excellent customer service and helped customers to choose the most suitable products.
  • Operated the cash register.

5. Activities and Honors

If you can add something more about your education, it’s great. Use this chance to tell about sports, music, and art events you participated and your achievements in the spheres besides the school program. If you took on a leadership role, it’s a great chance to put this information too so to emphasize your ability to work in a team and organize the working process inside the group.

It’s also a great place to mention your honors or club membership.

Example:

The Wooster High School, Wooster, OH.

  • National Honor Society, Secretary.
  • Tennis team (January 2017- May 2019). Team captain (September 2018 – May 2019).

6. Skills

To let your prospective employer or any other person know about what responsibilities will match your abilities, list all of them if the are relevant skills. Such a list can be very diverse depending on the vacancy that you are aiming for, competition, etc. However, computer skills and foreign languages levels can be met pretty much in every resume.

Example:

Computer: Proficient in Microsoft Word, Excel, and Access.

Languages: Basic Italian and Spanish

Personal: Excellent interpersonal communication skills.

Other: Experience in social media promotion (Instagram, Facebook).

Templates to Use

If you are not sure about the format of your resume, you can use templates which provide excellent guidelines and help you to structure your resume properly. Such templates can be found on platforms like:

Choose the one that will be the most suitable for you. Pay attention to the readability of your resume and its structure.

Basic Rules to Follow When Creating a Resume for College Freshman

How to write a resume as a college freshman without mistakes? Just follow these simple rules:

  1. Keep your resume up to one page.
  2. Break your resume into blocks for easier reading.
  3. Use bold font for headings and bullet points for lists.
  4. Use separate email address created specifically for professional purpose.
  5. Update your resume at least once a year or more if you need to update any information in it.
  6. If you need to send your resume, send it in a .pdf format instead of .docx or .txt.
  7. Print your resume when you go to interviews.
  8. Use casual language and avoid complicated wording.
  9. Remember that your font size should be different for various components of your resume: bullet points – 10pt, contact info – 12pt, your name – at least 16pt.
  10. Avoid long paragraphs.
  11. Proofread and edit your resume or ask someone to do that for you. You can also ask a career counselor or any other professional to look through your resume and give you an opinion on it.
  12. Avoid lying in your resume. If there are no jobs to list, it’s better to create a resume with no work experience to avoid embarrassment when confronted lying.

So, these are the basic tips that you should follow when creating your resume. Keep in mind that sometimes you might be given specific requirements to your resume, so you will have to tailor according to the vacancy or the contest that you want to participate in. Also, you will need to write a compelling cover letter as an addition to your CV.

We hope you will find our tips useful. Good luck with your resume!

Grant Application: How to Write a Grant Cover Letter

a student writing a grant request letter sitting at the desk

Many students rely on educational grants. Getting one is a great accomplishment and an exceptional opportunity to graduate without debt. That’s why it’s important to understand which type of grant you can apply for and how to do it properly.

What Is a College or University Grant?

Grant is an option that allows you to study for free. What this means is that you don’t have to pay anything back even after graduating from college, as all of the costs will be covered by the Federal Government.

There is a significant difference between a college loan and college grant. A loan has to be paid back after graduation, and grant, in its turn, is non-repayable.

There are a lot of different grants that students can apply for, depending on the type of school program or specific conditions, such as low income, single motherhood, etc.

What to Do if You Want to Apply for a Grant?

If a student decides to apply for a grant, first of all, he or she has to conduct research on the preferred learning institutions and types of grants they offer. After that, one can start an application process which may vary for different learning institutions. For example, some colleges accept emails, others require letters. So, make sure to find out the procedure for the desired college or university.

Why should you write a letter?

Writing student grant application letters is a common practice in learning institutions. They represent information about:

  • The applicants
  • The programs they want to apply for
  • The reasons for getting a grant

Learning institutions get a lot of applications each year. So, they have to decide which students deserve to receive a grant.

In your letter, you need to provide convincing arguments on why you deserve receiving the grant. You have a chance to explain your situation and provide reasons for a learning institution to pick you. If you’re not sure whether you can do that properly, you can always turn to a professional writing service for help.

How to Write a Request Letter for Grant

Many students ask “How to write a grant proposal for education?” and “What are the specifics of a request letter for a grant?” Like any other formal letter, this one has a similar structure:

  1. Contact information.
  2. Greetings.
  3. Brief information about the program you want to apply for and why.
  4. An explanation of your current situation (for example, financial) and why you need a grant for studying in a particular learning institution.
  5. The showcase of your strongest arguments on why you deserve a grant.
  6. The complimentary close.

Keep in mind that this letter will be the first communication between you and the representatives of a learning institution. So you need to be specific but brief and explain your situation in a laconic and informative manner.

Such a letter is an essential part of your application, just like an application essay. Therefore, you should definitely check our tips on how to write a scholarship essay without struggling.

How to Write Letters for Your Grant Applications?

To make the process of writing such a letter easier, we have prepared a sample grant request letter. Use it to provide your arguments and support your application for the grant.

Sample cover letter for proposal submission:

To: X

[contact information]

From: Y

[contact information]

Dear Dr. X

My name is Y. Currently, I’m a student of [your high school]. I’m really interested in the [desired program] and the opportunities that your learning institution provides.

I’m writing to ask you to consider me for [the name of the grant or scholarship program] award. You can find all the needed materials, such as transcripts, recommendation letter, and financial statements, enclosed. [Also add other evidence that you need to attach. For example, if you are a single mother or you are a veteran, etc.]

Becoming a [type of professional] is my big dream that I work hard to make come true. [List your achievements in studying, participation in sports, community service or volunteering projects and any other facts that emphasize your strengths and diligence]. I would appreciate the opportunity to continue studying and get a degree that will allow me to make my contribution to [the sphere of your specialization].

Thank you for your time and consideration.

I am looking forward to hearing from you soon!

Best regards,

[Your Full Name]

Details are essential

Consider who will read your application letter for funding support and keep your language clear and understandable. Avoid writing ambiguous and vaguely formulated sentences. This is one of the most important pieces of advice for writing any letter to a learning institution. For example, this is one of the rules which you have to stick to when writing your personal statement.

In your letter of the grant request be sure to also mention that:

  1. You want to study at this particular learning institution.
  2. You are interested in the chosen program.
  3. You have conducted research and know a lot about the opportunities that this learning institution provides their students with.
  4. You appreciate the time of the representatives of a learning institution.
  5. You are willing to provide any additional documents if they are needed.

Also, be sure to find ouе the receiver name. Usually, you can find contact information on the website of the learning institution.

Of course, make sure to proofread your letter and fix the mistakes as grammar is important in any type of writing, especially in the formal one. If English is not your first language, you might find our tips on writing in English as your second language useful.

These were our tips on how to write your letter of the grant proposal. We hope that you find them useful. Good luck!

 

Tips and Tricks on How to Focus on Homework

someone's hands open a poetry book

Being tired and annoyed after a long day in school or college is absolutely normal. In such a mood, it’s hard to motivate and force yourself to start working on your assignments for the next day. Many students can’t cope with procrastination looking for the answer to the question “How to focus better?” and end up using study drugs which is not recommended.

Fortunately, we have a few tips that will help you to stop procrastinating, increase your productivity and get to work. Keep reading our article to know more.

Find a Comfortable Place

It’s easy to feel distracted and unfocused when your setting doesn’t match the task that you have to complete. That’s why setting the right atmosphere is the first thing you should do when starting working on your assignments.

Here are a few things that you need to take care of before you actually start doing your homework:

  1. Your working place has to be a desk (or a table) with a comfortable chair. Now, many of you would say “What’s wrong with doing your homework while lying in bed?” Actually, everything. When you sit or lay on the couch or bed, it relaxes you too much and makes you sleepy. A comfortable table and a chair will be the best option for sitting straight and keeping yourself toned.
  2. Open your window to get fresh air. When your brain lacks oxygen, it can’t work correctly, so it makes you a slower thinker. Fresh air and deep breathing will help you to keep your mind sharp and avoid headaches.
  3. Bring some snacks to your working place. You will probably want to have a snack during this study session, so grab them beforehand. Otherwise, you will have to walk outside the room to grab something to eat, and it will negatively impact your concentration. Staying in the room where you are studying is the best tip on how to concentrate on study continuously for long hours.
  4. Find a place where the rest of your family or your mates won’t bother you to study. The best option would be a separate room with a door closed. If you have someone at home, ask for privacy and silence. Try to avoid doing your homework in the living room, because it will be much harder to focus with a talk show on TV or chatting family members in the background.

The atmosphere and the place you are studying at are very important for setting up the right mood for a cram session and keeping yourself focused.

Eliminate Distractions

This is the most important and the hardest step. When you need to focus on your assignments – which can be quite boring, let’s face it – it’s hard to keep away from the temptation of using your phone, checking social media and watching TV shows. But you can do that, you just need to follow easy steps:

  1. Block your phone or give it to someone while you are learning. It is a simple rule for anyone who wants to succeed in studying – not using your cell phone. To make it easier for you, you can log out of your social media accounts, to turn off the Wi-Fi on your phone or to switch to the airplane mode. This way you won’t receive messages, calls or annoying notifications and will be able to stay focused. If you know that you won’t be able to keep yourself away from your phone, give it to a parent, a friend or use an app that blocks your screen for a preset time – Flipd, Offtime, etc.
  2. Avoid listening to music with lyrics. When you are trying to understand information that you are reading or to formulate a thought that you need to write down, the side noises can hinder. Especially when someone is talking or singing. It happens because your brain is trying to process the information it receives by hearing. If you need some background music, choose some tracks without lyrics. Classical music will do the best.
  3. Don’t watch TV. It distracts you just like music. Avoid watching it; otherwise, your productivity will severely decrease.

All of these tips are great for school and college students who get distracted easily. The less you interrupt your studying process, the more focused you will be while completing homework.

Organize Your Time

Time management is one of the most essential college skills. If you can productively organize the time you spend on doing your homework, you can change your studying routine and spend less time every day working on another assignment.

What does it mean? Time management in studying means that you need to create an action plan first and then follow it without messing the time limits you established.

For example, your plan for the evening might be:

3.00 PM – 4.00 PM – Math assignment
4.00 PM – 4.30 PM – Rest
4.30 PM – 5.30 PM – Science assignment
5.30 PM – 6.00 PM – Rest
6.00 PM – 7.00 PM – Literature assignment
7.00 PM – 8.00 PM – Dinner
8.00 PM – 9.00 PM – Art assignment

As you can see this plan implies an alteration of studying and small 30 minutes breaks to help your brain rest and get ready for the next assignment. You can have snacks, use your phone, listen to music or do some exercises during these breaks. Just give yourself some reward for the amount of work that you completed. You would also be surprised how easily you can manage your time in college.

  • If you set up the schedule for studying at home, it will be easier for you to get to work faster. The mind gets used to certain actions that repeat from day to day. So, just like you are used to going to school in the morning, you will be used to getting to work when the homework time comes. Not everyone can establish such a schedule. But you surely ought to try it.
  • Start with the most time-consuming and challenging assignments. As soon as you get to work, your concentration is much stronger than at the end of studying session. Dedicate the time when you are focused the most to the assignments that require more time and effort.
  • Establish the priority of each assignment that you have to complete. Give the main priority to the assignments that are urgent or value more and start with these tasks. If all of your tasks are important and you don’t have enough time to finish all of them, consider turning to a professional service for help.
  • Cross out finished assignments from the plan – you will see your progress and feel more satisfied with your productivity. Moreover, such a tactic helps boost your motivation to do homework.
  • Don’t try to be multitasking. When you try to complete a few assignments at the same time, your concentration gets worse due to the variety of information that your brain needs to process. Focus on one assignment at a time. After finishing it, you can have a break and then start a new assignment.

As you can see, the time that you spend on your assignments is as important as the time you give yourself to relax between your study sessions. Such breaks not only help your brain to keep concentration for a long time but also provide you with an opportunity to avoid the temptation as you know that after completing another assignment you can enjoy the things you like – music, social networks, etc.

We hope that you found our pieces of advice useful and will feel more focused the next time you have to start your homework assignment.

How to End a Personal Statement to Impress the Admissions Committee

a young girl is writing in a notebook with the mountains in the background

Every personal statement is a hard, long-term, and painstaking work. Every student would agree that when it comes to writing a piece like that, it’s hard to start and it’s hard to finish as well.

A conclusion is a significant part because it gives that aftertaste that stays after reading it and affects the final impression about your personality. That’s why many students are looking for the answer to the question “How to conclude a personal statement for graduate school?”

Fresh Essays is here to help you write a suitable and convincing conclusion that will make a good impression on the admissions committee.

1. Make Reference to Your Opening

It is a widely known literary method – to end in the same manner as you started. Many students say that this simple trick helped them write a perfect personal statement.

Of course, it doesn’t mean that you should copy and paste your introduction part, but you can emphasize your point of view by making reference to your opening. So, you can briefly touch the points that you were talking at the beginning of your personal statement.

For example, if you started your personal statement with speaking about your passion for studying environmental sciences, you can end your statement with words like:

“As I am highly concerned about declining species, I am determined to fight against poachers and other human impacts which ruins the planet. Therefore, I want to study environmental sciences in [the name of the university], as I know that I will meet many allies here, and together we will work hard to protect the environment.”

2. Write About Aspirations and Plans for the Future

Every piece of writing has its logical evolution. The best way to make through the personal statement is to make it logically flow step by step, developing a theme:

  • What do you want to study and why?
  • What is your motivation?
  • What are your qualities and achievements?
  • What are your plans for the future?

Every step leads to another one and helps to build your text in the logical and intelligible way. If you end your statement with plans for the future, you give an impression of a purposeful and positive person.

Speak about what you want from your life, future, and education in particular. You can include in your conclusion something like:

“I admire how the principles of democracy are valued in your country. My goal is to fight for democracy in my country, and I need to be aware of tools and techniques which can help build a democratic society.”

3. Pull Together Your Key Points

Admissions committee members have tons of personal statements to look through. Sometimes they lack time to read the whole text you wrote, so they try to catch the main points such as:

  • Your experience
  • Your study accomplishments
  • Your knowledge of the particular course and learning institution
  • Your motivation

That’s why your conclusion can be the part of the whole text that will briefly tell about all of these points of your personal statement. By the time you need to start writing a conclusion for your personal statement for a university, you have probably looked up for the criteria the learning institution is looking for in applicants. This is a perfect place to remind them that you are a total match.

So you might use the following tip to end your personal statement which is to summarize all the previous information. Don’t be afraid to restate your ideas. For example, you can speak again about your positive qualities and your work experience or significant study achievements. Put it together in a few lines and make it brief but informative.

For example:

“Many journalists who I highly respect for their unbiased materials and deep analysis of the issues, such as [name], [name] and [name], have graduated from [the university]. As far as I know, in [the university] objectiveness is a high value which corresponds with my personal views on which principals journalists should follow. This is the reason why I long to study here and why I will be able to work regarding all the values [the university] supports.”

4. Keep It Simple And Honest

Many admission officers confirm that honesty is the most essential characteristic of a personal statement with a strong conclusion. The experienced committee members can clearly see if your statement is too embellished in order to impress. Being truthful is much more important for them than polished statements with stolen phrases.

Sometimes it’s just enough to give a positive ending, like:

“I like the educational program of [the university], as it contains the most interesting aspects of [the subject] for me. At this point in my life, I am fond of studying [the subject] and, as you can see from my scores, I am doing well with it. So, I am excited to enter [the university] and learn [the subject] deeper.”

or

“I know that [the university] provides students with much opportunities to get practical skills. I think it’s more important today than theoretical knowledge. Therefore, I am eager to study here and hope that you will deem my skills and aspirations are good enough to get a chance to study in [the university] .”

You can also talk not only about subject areas but also about extracurricular activities that this institution holds and which you will love to take participation in. This will show that you are interested in the university and have read about it a lot.

Quick Tips:

  1. Do not use slang.
  2. Do not use the same personal statements to apply to different learning institutions.
  3. Check your personal statement for plagiarism using specific software.
  4. Do not include irrelevant information or abstruse words.
  5. Please proofread your personal statement.
  6. Know the exact name of the program you’re applying to and include it in your statement.
  7. Address your best qualities but try to incorporate them into the story, rather than just giving it in a list.

So, these were our tips for your perfect personal statement. Give yourself some time to write and don’t rush. Remember that this piece can be your winning ticket and might get you into the college or university of your dreams even if your grades are not that great. Hope, you liked these personal statement ending examples and found them useful. Good luck!

Using Study Drugs to Earn an “A”: Why You Should Think Twice

In pursuit of academic excellence, it has become a common practice among college students to take study drugs. Between classes, clubs meetings, games and summer internships, students have little time to study. And to get a boost of energy for those all-nighters, many decide to take stimulant drugs.

“Smart drugs” like Adderall or Ritalin are prescription stimulants that are often used inappropriately to enhance the mental performance while studying. They are usually prescribed to treat ADHD, but in fact, about 1 in 5 college students use them without prescription to increase productivity. On many college campuses, they are easily attainable, that’s why they are so appealing to the overwhelmed students.

Risks Versus Rewards

Study drugs help to focus on the tasks and improve motivation to study, but the short-term benefits come along with the risks.

For people who suffer from ADD or ADHD, these drugs may have a calming effect. However, for those without the symptoms of a mental disorder, they are more likely to cause nervousness and euphoria.

Study drugs have different short-time risks like increased heart rate, blood pressure, irritability and insomnia. Sometimes they can cause paranoia and even hallucinations. After all, the misuse of such drugs can be really dangerous, especially when combined with alcohol and other drugs.

In addition to the health risks, a student who uses study drugs may face the legal consequences, such as fines and suspension from college. Misusing the prescription drugs is against the law and increases the chances of committing a crime when you are under the influence of substances. However, the most disturbing risk of using the study drugs is an addiction. Apart from the serious health problems, it may even lead to death.

Healthier Alternatives to Study Drugs

Despite the serious consequences, the use of “smart drugs” is alive on campuses. The highly competitive academic environment increases the risk of drug abuse. However, the study drugs shouldn’t be an answer to the students’ stressful life. There are many healthy alternatives that will help you manage your academic and social life.

To beat the stress, it is important to rest each day, without your phone, Facebook or friends. Eat the healthy food, get plenty of sleep and practice some relaxation techniques. Yoga, for instance, has been proven to reduce stress and promote a healthy lifestyle.

The key to productivity is also having fun. That’s why don’t forget to take breaks and spend time with friends. It’s extremely important to re-energize for the next study session. You may also consider drinking coffee, Red Bull or Mountain Dew instead of taking pills. These are not the healthiest strategies, but at least they are legal and not dangerous.

Surely, college is competitive and you want to excel in academics. But it’s not worth becoming dependent on a drug and experiencing all side effects, especially when there are great alternatives.