Author Archives: Steve Aedy

How to Lengthen an Essay: 5 Tricks that Every Student Should Try

a girl typing on a machine

Have you ever stared at the requested word or page count confusingly trying to figure out if there is a mistake? In moments like this, you might even think something like, “There is no way that someone can write that much on this topic.” While there are some ways to increase page counts by changing the font size or expanding spacing between the lines and characters, meeting the word count requirements might be a little trickier. Don’t panic, we will help you with this. There are some essay tricks and hacks that will help you to fulfill the requirements and make your essay longer.

1. Avoid Abbreviations

Abbreviations were made to make our life easier, and our writing or speaking simpler. However, when you are writing an essay that should be much bigger than what you have already written, abbreviations are not the words to use in an essay.

Basically, just use the full names when it comes to the abbreviation like USA or APA that can often be spotted in a lab report, case study or research paper. See, the United States of America and American Psychological Association take more space and more words.

2. Replace Contractions with Full Versions

This one is also pretty basic. Whenever you can use a contraction (a shortened form of one or more words that usually include an auxiliary verb), just use the full form of it. For example, instead of putting “isn’t” or “can’t,” use “is not” or “can not.” Is not it just an amazing way to make your essay longer?

3. Use Quotes

If your professor or teacher allows you to use quotes in your essay and also includes them into your word count, you are a lucky person because this is the way to meet the minimum word count without putting too much effort.

Quotes, especially long ones, can be used in any part of your essay, usually as an example or supporting evidence for your claims. You can also use quotes to start your essay with a catchy first sentence or in the conclusion part to end your essay with a touch of wisdom from a famous writer. By the way, we actually have a list of best practices that famous writers use. Check them out as they might come in handy in your essay writing.

4. Put More Details

You are probably constantly taught at your school how to be laconic and brief. Of course, this is one of the skills that everyone needs in the modern world – to be able to transfer your thoughts and opinion into beautiful and concise sentences. Well, it’s great if you can do that, but try to restrain yourself from using this skill while writing an essay that you need to add length to.

You should definitely try to evolve your thoughts in detail. Put more effort into descriptions and explanations. You might also make your introduction longer by elaborating your thoughts for a while and not going straight to the point from the very start of your paragraph.

5. Use Transition Phrases and Sentences

Transitional sentences are great to close your paragraph. However, you can use such sentences throughout your essay as many times as you want as they help to make your essay more logical, tying everything together and helping to move from one subject to another.

Examples:

  • However, there are also other ways to achieve this goal.
  • While both of these characters share some similar features, their ways of solving the same problem are drastically different.

How to lengthen an essay with words of transition?

Transition words and sentences, in their turn, are great to make the writing more smooth and polished. They can be used in different parts of sentences depending on their purpose:

  • To add something (additionally, also, moreover, besides, as well as)
  • To compare (similarly, equally, in the same way)
  • To contrast (but, however, though, nonetheless, yet)
  • To summarize (after all, in summary, to summarize, therefore, in conclusion)   
  • To emphasize (especially, particularly)
  • To sequence (meanwhile, first of all, while, next)

By using these words through your essay, you can significantly increase the length of it. But use them wisely as any professor or teacher will instantly spot an essay that is staffed with unnecessary words. If you have too little written and too large word count ahead, you might consider requesting help from a writing team.

Final Thoughts

So, these are our essay length hacks that can help you if the word count of your essay should be much more than you can squeeze from the topic. It’s not always a treatment as overusing one or more of these tips through your essay will be definitely noticeable. However, when your essay lacks 50 words or so, our easy tricks will come in handy to meet the required number of words. Don’t forget to check if this won’t violate any rules or guidelines provided by your learning institution and let us know what you think of these tricks.

How to Create a College Freshman Resume in Less Than an Hour

A lot of students, when entering a college, face a need to create a resume that can be requested both on campus and when applying for a job. How can a student create such a resume and keep it as modern and suitable as possible? We have gathered the best tips for your freshman resume, so don’t waste your time and let’s dive into this topic.

How to make a resume as a college freshman, and do you need one?

You never know when a new opportunity arises, so college freshman resume is better to be prepared beforehand in order to use it for:

Basically, this is the document that represents your strengths, sums up your accomplishments, and tells about your experience. Consider creating such a resume even if it seems like you don’t need it right now. For example, you might need a college freshman resume for an internship, and without a complete document on your hands, you might be too late to fill the vacant position. So, don’t miss your chance! Let’s create a freshman college student resume together.

1. Contact Information Block

Contact information is one of the most important parts of your resume. Make sure to update this block of your resume if something changes so as not to miss your opportunity because of the old phone number.

What information to include:

  • Your current address (campus, rented apartment, house)
  • Your phone number
  • Your email address

Make sure to create and use an email address which looks professional. Use your full name instead of nicknames for your email address name. Nicknames are more preferable for informal communication with your friends.

2. Your Objective

When creating a college student resume, provide an objective. This extra touch will make your resume look more polished. Your college freshman resume objective or in other words a summary should be brief and laconic (usually cut down to one sentence) to show your intentions and goals clearly.

Example:

To get into the university that will provide me with the exceptional knowledge of financial management so I will be able to develop a successful career.

3. Education Block

Commonly this block goes before achievements and work experience blocks. Here, you should provide information about your education, such as academic level, school, GPA, major, expected date of graduation from college, etc. You can also mention relevant coursework as a separated or included block with information about the subjects that you are currently studying or studied in the past.

Don’t forget to mention your honors or specific projects that showcase your skills.

Example:

The College of Wooster, Wooster, OH.

The Bachelor of Arts in Urban Studies

Graduation expected May 2023

The Wooster High School, Wooster, OH. (High school information should be removed from your resume when starting your sophomore year).

Awards: National Merit Scholar

GPA: 4.0/4.2

Graduated May 2019

4. Employment Experience Block

When you are a freshman, typically there is not much information that you can put in your resume. So, all the relevant experience will be suitable.

How to write a resume with little experience?

It’s hard to write a lot in this block when creating a resume for college freshman as usually there are not many jobs for those who under 18 available. But you can include all of your part-time jobs and volunteering projects that you have participated in. Don’t forget to mention what your duties were or what goals you have achieved while working. Even your experience as a teenage babysitter can be put in here if presented as a job that taught you how to be responsible and attentive.

A tip: if you feel that this block seems too poor or irrelevant, you can combine two blocks together – Employment and Relevant Projects to put more info in here.

Example:

Sales Seasonal Associate (June 2018 — July 2019)

Bath & Body Works Store, Wooster, OH.

  • Provided excellent customer service and helped customers to choose the most suitable products.
  • Operated the cash register.

5. Activities and Honors

If you can add something more about your education, it’s great. Use this chance to tell about sports, music, and art events you participated and your achievements in the spheres besides the school program. If you took on a leadership role, it’s a great chance to put this information too so to emphasize your ability to work in a team and organize the working process inside the group.

It’s also a great place to mention your honors or club membership.

Example:

The Wooster High School, Wooster, OH.

  • National Honor Society, Secretary.
  • Tennis team (January 2017- May 2019). Team captain (September 2018 – May 2019).

6. Skills

To let your prospective employer or any other person know about what responsibilities will match your abilities, list all of them if the are relevant skills. Such a list can be very diverse depending on the vacancy that you are aiming for, competition, etc. However, computer skills and foreign languages levels can be met pretty much in every resume.

Example:

Computer: Proficient in Microsoft Word, Excel, and Access.

Languages: Basic Italian and Spanish

Personal: Excellent interpersonal communication skills.

Other: Experience in social media promotion (Instagram, Facebook).

Templates to Use

If you are not sure about the format of your resume, you can use templates which provide excellent guidelines and help you to structure your resume properly. Such templates can be found on platforms like:

Choose the one that will be the most suitable for you. Pay attention to the readability of your resume and its structure.

Basic Rules to Follow When Creating a Resume for College Freshman

How to write a resume as a college freshman without mistakes? Just follow these simple rules:

  1. Keep your resume up to one page.
  2. Break your resume into blocks for easier reading.
  3. Use bold font for headings and bullet points for lists.
  4. Use separate email address created specifically for professional purpose.
  5. Update your resume at least once a year or more if you need to update any information in it.
  6. If you need to send your resume, send it in a .pdf format instead of .docx or .txt.
  7. Print your resume when you go to interviews.
  8. Use casual language and avoid complicated wording.
  9. Remember that your font size should be different for various components of your resume: bullet points – 10pt, contact info – 12pt, your name – at least 16pt.
  10. Avoid long paragraphs.
  11. Proofread and edit your resume or ask someone to do that for you. You can also ask a career counselor or any other professional to look through your resume and give you an opinion on it.
  12. Avoid lying in your resume. If there are no jobs to list, it’s better to create a resume with no work experience to avoid embarrassment when confronted lying.

So, these are the basic tips that you should follow when creating your resume. Keep in mind that sometimes you might be given specific requirements to your resume, so you will have to tailor according to the vacancy or the contest that you want to participate in. Also, you will need to write a compelling cover letter as an addition to your CV.

We hope you will find our tips useful. Good luck with your resume!

How to Write an Exemplification Essay

An exemplification essay is much alike to an argumentative essay but has its specifics. Such essays are based on various examples that are used to prove the author’s point of view and support a thesis statement.

Creating any type of school paper takes some time and skills. An exemplification essay is not an exception. When working on this type of essay, the majority of your time you will have to dedicate to the preparation step which implies searching for the right topic and for suitable examples that can support your claims and help you express your opinion.

The Preparation Step

So, before actually writing an essay, you have to find a subject that will make an excellent fit for your essay. For example, you shouldn’t choose a topic that is too narrow or too broad as you won’t be able to evolve your thoughts properly.

When the topic is too narrow, it’s hard to find the proper number of examples that you can use in your essay. If there are only two examples that you can find, you most likely won’t be able to create a paper of proper quality.

When the topic is too broad, you will have difficult times with picking the right examples to cover the whole topic and not just a part of it.

What is the purpose of details and examples in an illustration/example essay? They are used to support your thesis statement and find the answer to the main question of your essay or to solve the problem mentioned in it.

What are the good topics?

So, when searching for a topic, start with looking through the facts, cases, statistics, and other data that you can use in your essay. Here are some examples of exemplification essay topics:

  1. Do social media cause social anxiety?
  2. Will literature die out with time?
  3. Is online education as effective as school?
  4. Should more parents consider homeschooling for their children?
  5. Should parents help their children with homework?
  6. Robots can completely replace people at work in the future.
  7. Online communication makes languages poor and primitive.
  8. Is freedom of speech an essential part of a utopian community?

Make sure to find diverse examples to avoid making your essay one-sided. As it has some common features with an argumentative essay, you should pick the topic that would represent some problematic and address two argumentative sides.

For example, the topic “Are you obligated to have a college degree nowadays?” can be used for such type of essay as there is some space for discussion and proving a point of view through the evidence and facts. However, the topic “Are you obligated to have a college degree to work as a doctor?” clearly has only one side.

The research step is essential, so make sure to read our list of tips on how you can make your research more time-efficient. Once you have decided what the topic for your essay would be and what examples you will use in your paper, you can start writing an exemplification essay.

The Outline Step

Creating an exemplification essay outline is an essential part as it helps to structure and organize your thoughts and ideas. This step also helps you to understand and plan the order of the facts which you will use in your essay to evaluate your ideas and make them flow in a logical order.

Don’t forget about the main components – the introduction, the body paragraphs, and the conclusion. Remember that your introduction has to include a thesis statement – the main idea behind your essay.

Plan your body paragraphs considerably. All of the examples which you use in the body of your essay should support your claims and present arguments that you base your thesis statement on.

The Introduction

Any type of essay requires a strong and catchy introduction. The introduction part of your exemplification essay should have such a powerful beginning too. The first paragraph of your essay usually provides a reader with an understanding of what your essay is about and what the main idea of it is. However, it’s not enough. Your introduction has to provide a motive for your reader to keep reading.

How to start an exemplification essay?

If you struggle with an opening sentence for your essay that would catch attention, consider some of the following ideas which are great for the hook sentence:

  • A question
  • A quote
  • A historical fact
  • An intriguing sentence
  • An anecdote
  • An idiom

Your introduction part is the best place for your thesis statement. If you haven’t come up with one yet, don’t worry. Just start writing your body paragraphs and return to your introduction part later. You will see that creating an exemplification essay thesis statement with all of the main parts of your essay already written is much easier than starting with it first.

So, your thesis statement is basically the main idea of your essay. It presents your opinion on the topic and sums up all of your findings and research that you have performed. You can also mention the main points that you will discuss further in the text.

The Body Paragraphs

Body paragraphs are the heart of your exemplification essay as they contain the main element of it – the examples which you use to support your opinion.

When getting to the new paragraph, start it with an example, a fact or a topical sentence to provide a brief idea of what this paragraph is about. After starting with such a sentence, you can evaluate your thoughts and the point of view. When closing a paragraph, add a transitional sentence.

A pro tip: categorize your examples by the importance before putting them into your essay. For example, the most powerful and illustrative example should be placed in the first body paragraph while those which you consider weaker should be placed near to the end of your essay.

The Conclusion

The final part of your essay has to summarize all of your findings and your thoughts as well as restating your thesis statement. Don’t just repeat your previous sentences from the introduction and your body paragraphs. Paraphrase them instead to summarize the work, mention the main points, and offer a solution to the issues which your essay covers. Leave your reader with a conclusive thought or rhetorical question.

The Final Step

Once you have finished writing your paragraphs, you can start proofreading and editing your essay. Make sure to check your grammar and punctuation as this is what your professor will pay attention to. If you are not confident about your writing skills or your literacy, you should consider requesting writing service to edit and proofread your essay or create it from scratch. Also, check out our article that will provide you with some useful pieces of advice on how you can improve your writing skills.

Wrapping Up

The process of working on an exemplification essay is similar to writing an argumentative essay as it also implies picking the suitable examples and evidence to support your point of view on the issue. Such an essay might take more time because of the preparation step so you might be interested in saving yours and turning to a writing team for assistance.

What Is a Character Analysis Essay and How to Write It?

Different literary courses often require writing critical and analytical types of essays. One of such essays is a character analysis essay that a student has to perform on the chosen book character (in other cases, on the movie character). If you need to complete such an assignment, then our tips on this type of essay writing will definitely come in handy. Keep reading to know more about how to write such essays.

Preparing for Your Essay and Picking the Character

Every essay starts with a topic. In the case of a character analysis essay, you need to choose the character that you are going to describe and analyze. If the character is not specified and you need to make a choice, consider the following points:

  • You might choose a major character or a secondary one
  • Make sure to identify the relationship of your character with the others, his or her role in the story, the development through the plot and symbolism involved
  • Find the quotes and description of the character in the text – details of the appearance, mentality, features, etc. Choose the character whom you can find enough information about in the source.

Consider the type of a character

Before making your choice of a character or multiple characters to analyze, pay attention to the type of the character:

  • Protagonist — a positive character.
  • Antagonist — a negative one.
  • Foil — contrasts the major character.
  • Major — leading characters who dominate in the story, the center of the plot.
  • Minor — characters who appear in lesser episodes.
  • Dynamic — the one who constantly changes.
  • Static — the one who remains the same.

The type defines the place of the character in the story and should be mentioned in your essay as well as the significant meaning or the symbolism of the character.

Take your notes

Once you have decided on what specific character you are going to examine in your analysis essay, you can start gathering all the information that you can find. Look through the original source and write down:

  • All of the scenes that your character appears in
  • All of the characters he or she interacts with
  • Description of the character that the author provides
  • Scenes with the character

After you have all of your notes ready, you can start working on your essay.

Writing an Outline

Start your essay with creating a character analysis essay outline. Consider that character analysis essay has the structure that is pretty similar to any other type of academic writing that you usually perform.

  1. Introduction. Make sure to start your essay with a catchy sentence. Quotes, intriguing questions or interesting facts make a great hook for character analysis essay. Also make sure to include your thesis statement that will represent your opinion, thoughts and the main idea of your essay. You can take your inspiration for your hook sentence from our article.
  2. Body paragraphs. These paragraphs should contain the main information about the character, the description, facts, etc. Don’t forget to support your claims with the evidence – the quotes from the original source.
  3. Conclusion. The summary of your text that restates your thesis statement and concludes the ideas in your essay.

If you would like to improve your writing skills, make sure to check some useful tips.

Writing an Introduction

An introduction is the main part of your essay as it sets the tone for the whole paper and catches the reader’s attention. If your introduction is good enough, it is a reason for a reader to continue reading further.

Make sure to make your character analysis essay introduction clear. Mention the main idea of your paper, which character you have chosen and why, what makes this character significant or what distinguishes him or her from the rest of the characters.

Also, phrase and write down your thesis statement. Sometimes your thesis statement might be unclear until you finish the body of your essay. So, if you are not sure about it, set it aside and write your body paragraphs.

Sample character analysis thesis statement

In his novel ‘Lord of the Rings,’ J. R. R. Tolkien makes Sam devoted, faithful, optimistic and to some extent naive to contrast and emphasize the loneliness and the vulnerability of Frodo caused by the ring.

If you want to find some other character analysis thesis examples, make sure to take a look at the samples works performed by our writing team. Or, you might also be interested in writing methods that famous writers used in their work which you can use too.

Writing the Body Paragraphs

The body paragraphs of your essay are the main representation of the information that you have found in the original source. They must include the quotes that will support your claims and provide a description of the character from the author’s perspective. You can also write a character analysis of multiple characters and their relationships.

Find the quotes that will provide a detailed description not only of the appearance of the character but also their relationships and the place of the character in the story. Make sure to provide your opinion and evolve your thesis statement idea, referring to the particular parts of the original source.

Writing a Conclusion

The analysis essay conclusion should be a summary of your work. Make sure to repeat your thesis statement in other words and add a brief explanation of your findings. You might also mention the correlation between the experience of the character in the story and the experience that we might get in real life, you might make a conclusion about the mistakes that the character has made.

Finishing

Proofread and edit your essay. Make sure to check if your essay follows the guidelines of your teacher or professor. If you are still confused about the process of writing this kind of essay or face difficulties with particular essay topics, you can always turn to a professional writing team and ask for help. You can order your essay or ask for editing service here.

How to Write a Monologue Fast and Easily

a man lies on the grass writing in the notebook

If you struggle with your monologue assignment or want to improve the quality of your papers of this type, then this article is definitely for you. We have gathered the best tips and pieces of advice for students who have to write a monologue.

What Is a Monologue?

First, let’s find out the basics of this type of paper. What is a monologue? A monologue is a solo speech of a character that is performed on a particular event, experience, etc. It allows us to get a better understanding of a character’s feelings and thoughts. In literature, dramatic monologues are spoken out loud or are represented in the form of the inner monologue of a character to himself.

The Key Features of a Monologue

The majority of the character monologues share key characteristics. For example:

  • A monologue can be written in rhyme or without it as it can be used both in poetry and in prose.
  • A monologue is a speech of one character only.
  • A monologue can be represented in the form of a speech to an audience or an inner speech as a representation of a character’s thoughts.
  • A monologue is used to represent the opinion or experience of the character.
  • A monologue is written in the first person from the perspective of the character.
  • A monologue has to combine past and present actions and reveal the correlation between them.

These are the basics that you need to consider when writing a monologue. Make sure to fill the monologue with emotions as it is the most important part of the good monologue.

Writing a Monologue

Many students get confused when they are assigned to write a monologue and try to find the answer to the question “How to write a monologue essay?” Sometimes such an assignment can be given when studying a particular piece of literature in order to get a better understanding of the character and his or her motives, aspirations, etc.

If it is the case, students are given a situation when a character has to perform a monologue. In other cases, students are free to choose the character and the circumstances that accompany the monologue.

Monologue writing always helps to develop good writing skills and perform a deeper analysis of the literature work. If you would like to improve your writing skills, you might be interested in our article that contains some tips for you.

Step 1. The Character Choice

If you got an assignment to write a monologue, start with thinking about what your topic will be. If your teacher gave you specific guidelines on the character that you need to speak for or a particular scene that you need to incorporate your monologue in, then you have a half of the task done. If not, think of the character who faces a difficult emotional situation. For example, Elizabeth Bennet from Pride and Prejudice or the eponymous hero of the novel Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte.

Write down the notes about the events that precede the monologue and form the emotional state that your character is in. For example, if your character witnessed the murder or was participating in a crime, etc. This will help you to understand what you should write about and how your character should feel at the moment. This will also help you not to forget to mention these events if needed.

Step 2. Writing an Outline

As any other writing assignment, a monologue requires an outline. By thinking through the structure of your future piece, you improve the readability and the logical flow of it.

The majority of monologues share the same structure that consists of the beginning, the middle and the ending parts. Each of these parts has transitioning sentences that help to blend everything together into the story with a natural, logical flow and idea evaluation.

It’s great if your monologue has its climax – the point of the most intense emotion or a decisive action that is framed into the story. You might put the climax of your monologue in any part of it:

  • It might be placed at the beginning of your monologue as the catchy paragraphs that draws attention and helps to set the tone of the monologue.
  • In the middle – with the emotional intensity that grows from the beginning, reaches the climax and then goes down at the end of the monologue.
  • At the end of the monologue – as the intriguing closure.

So, make an outline that would organize the ideas which you want to evaluate and consider the part of your monologue that is the most suitable for the climax of your story.

Step 3. Drafting

After your outline is ready, you can start working on your draft. Keep in mind that you need to follow the character’s manner of speaking and make a monologue close to the individuality of the speaker.

Focus your monologue on a particular point of view and build a monologue starting with the notes that you have prepared that go straight to the point and the main idea of your monologue. Later, you can add details and move the parts of your monologue if needed.

A tip:

If you struggle with a monologue concept, try the following exercise. Speak for one minute straight without pause. Just say what comes to your mind. Try it for one more minute but this time try to tell a story instead of random sentences. Incorporate emotions and thoughts on any subject. Here you go, you have just performed a monologue that might help you to get a few monologue story ideas.

Add twist and turns to your monologue to make it more alive and compelling to keep the readers’ attention through the whole piece. If you want to add elements of surprise, it’s better to place them at the beginning of the new paragraph.

Step 4. Editing

Once your draft is ready, proofread the whole piece and try to analyze if your monologue fits the character and the scene or circumstances in which it takes place. You can add quotes that might fit the monologue or refer to the particular events if they are significant for the character at a specific moment.

These are the main steps of monologue writing. If you need some help with other types of assignment writing, we have a few pieces of advice on writing an autobiographical essay and a critical response essay.

 

How to Write References in Different Citation Styles

a girl covers her face with a book

Writing references in your papers is one of the most important and tricky steps of assignment completion. Many papers get low grades because of incorrect references and in-text citations. So, learning how to write references according to the most widespread citation styles is a necessary skill for any student of any learning institution.

Let’s dive into the topic and learn more about the importance, the structure, the common usage, and the similarities and differences of the most popular citation styles.

The Importance of Correctly Formatted References

Every student has to understand that citation is an important part of an essay, research paper, thesis or dissertation as it allows to support your statements and also guide your readers to the sources that they might need to get a better understanding of the topic which you explore in your work.

Every teacher or professor provides guidelines and requirements that you need to follow in order to get a high grade. Some teachers require citing all the sources that you examined throughout the research process even if you didn’t use them in your final version of your text or didn’t take any quotes from them. Other teachers might require mentioning sources that weren’t used in the work but might be interesting to the reader as the additional source of information.

Chicago Style

Chicago is a common style of citation that implies using one of the two methods: “notes and bibliography” and “author-date.”

Notes and Bibliography System

The notes and bibliography system is usually used for works related to humanities – literature, philosophy, linguistics, but the most commonly to history. This method implies citing sources in numbered notes (footnotes or endnotes) that correspond to the number in the text and also can be found in a separate bibliography list that is organized in alphabetical order.

The main advantage of this system is an opportunity to list a wide variety of sources, even the most unusual ones and create neat reference lists.

Chicago style reference example

Source: DISD

    • Note

1. John Smith, ed., The Book Title (Indianapolis: Example Press, 2016), 156–68.

    • Shortened note

1. Smith, Title, 156–68.

    • Bibliography entry

Smith, John, ed. The Book Title. Indianapolis: Example Press, 2016.

The Author-Date system

The “author-date” system is commonly used in social sciences and represents a brief citing of the source in the text by adding the author’s last name and the year of publication in parentheses. Every citation, in this case, matches a complete reference from the list where more details are given.

So, if you need to cite a source in your text, use parentheses to put the author’s last name, the year and page numbers if needed. Chicago style doesn’t imply separating the name and the year with a comma. That’s why your citation will look the following way:

(Smith 2018)

or

(Smith 2018, 213–17)

  • In-text citation

(Smith 2016, 156–68)

  • Reference list

Smith, John, ed. 2016. The Book Title. Indianapolis: Example Press.

If you haven’t received guidelines on the method of the Chicago style that you need to use in your work, then you can choose the one that is more preferable to you. For example, the one that will be easier for you to navigate through.

You can find more detailed information about organizing your reference list, citing various types of sources or how to write references from a website in the official guide – The Chicago Manual of Style that was originally published in 1906. It contains all the necessary information on the Chicago style and rules of citation that you might need for your work.

You might also be interested to learn how to write abstracts, for example, for your scientific paper.

Turabian Style

Chicago style is often associated with Turabian style – a style developed by a student in the book A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations which is often referred to as simply “Turabian.” It is based on The Chicago Manual of Style with some changes made to suit the requirements of academic papers. This manual also describes itself as an authoritative resource on the Chicago style for students.

The Chicago style and the Turabian style manual covers

Source: CMOS Shop Talk

APA Style

APA format was designed by the American Psychology Association and has a lot in common with the “Author-date” method.

It implies citing the author’s last name, the year of publishing in parentheses, and the page numbers for a direct quote if needed. But in the case of APA-style citation, the comma between the last name and the year of publishing is required. There are also two ways of citing the source in APA style: citing the author’s name in the sentence or in parentheses.

  • In-text citation

Smith (2018) provides the list of…

or

… to the contributors (Smith, 2018).

If there are two or more authors, use commas and ‘&’ between them: (Smith, Grey & Duke, 2018) or (Smith & Duke, 2018).

APA Manual also states:

When paraphrasing or referring to an idea contained in another work, you are encouraged to provide a page or paragraph number, especially when it would help an interested reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.” (p. 171)

For example, (Smith, 2018, p. 156).

  • Reference list

Smith, J. (2018). The Book Title. Indianapolis, IN: Example Press.

You can also visit the APA style official website to find the detailed information or use quick guides and a full manual to get a better understanding of how to cite a master’s thesis in APA, for example.

MLA Style

A style that was developed by the Modern Language Association more than half of the century ago is called MLA style. It implies using brief in-text citation and a detailed list of the cited sources at the end of the work.

  • In-text citation

The key difference of this citation style from others is that it requires citing the last name of the author and a page (or multiple pages) number in parentheses, for example (Smith, 28). It also allows using the author’s last name in the text, citing only the page number in brackets at the end of the sentence.

For example:

Smith was the first one who claimed that this statement was false (124).

  • Works Cited

All of the sources that you used in the process of creating your work should be cited in the list in alphabetical order. MLA style has the following order of the elements of the cited works:

Author. Title of source. Title of container, other contributors, version, number, publisher, publication date, location.

The “container” part is what MLA style defines as the “larger whole,” that the work might be a part of, for example, the series of books or magazines. At the same time, stories, books, and newspaper articles are smaller pieces that can be stored in these “containers.”

To see how these rules are applied, check out our sample essay formatted in MLA style. 

MLA also provides useful templates and quick guides to help you organize your work and your citations according to the MLA style.

Citation Generators

The part of the work that you need to perform can be done for you. Writing experts from our professional writing service are at your beck and call. They are able to organize your paper in any format you need. Alternatively, you can use the citation generators. Some of them automatically format your bibliography pages according to the chosen citation style. Find them below:

  1. Citation machine
  2. EasyBib
  3. BibMe
  4. Cite4Me
  5. CiteFast

Use these generators to get your bibliography page quickly. However, you should always check the pages for errors, as the generators might also make mistakes.

Wrapping Up

Follow the guidelines that your professor provides you with, such as the citation style, and make sure to check out the detailed manuals and guides that listed in this article. You can find more detailed instructions about citing such sources as web pages, informal sources, e-books, etc.

If you struggle not only with citation styles but with writing itself, check out our useful tips on how you can improve your writing skills.

Grant Application: How to Write a Grant Cover Letter

a student writing a grant request letter sitting at the desk

Many students rely on educational grants. Getting one is a great accomplishment and an exceptional opportunity to graduate without debt. That’s why it’s important to understand which type of grant you can apply for and how to do it properly.

What Is a College or University Grant?

Grant is an option that allows you to study for free. What this means is that you don’t have to pay anything back even after graduating from college, as all of the costs will be covered by the Federal Government.

There is a significant difference between a college loan and college grant. A loan has to be paid back after graduation, and grant, in its turn, is non-repayable.

There are a lot of different grants that students can apply for, depending on the type of school program or specific conditions, such as low income, single motherhood, etc.

What to Do if You Want to Apply for a Grant?

If a student decides to apply for a grant, first of all, he or she has to conduct research on the preferred learning institutions and types of grants they offer. After that, one can start an application process which may vary for different learning institutions. For example, some colleges accept emails, others require letters. So, make sure to find out the procedure for the desired college or university.

Why should you write a letter?

Writing student grant application letters is a common practice in learning institutions. They represent information about:

  • The applicants
  • The programs they want to apply for
  • The reasons for getting a grant

Learning institutions get a lot of applications each year. So, they have to decide which students deserve to receive a grant.

In your letter, you need to provide convincing arguments on why you deserve receiving the grant. You have a chance to explain your situation and provide reasons for a learning institution to pick you. If you’re not sure whether you can do that properly, you can always turn to a professional writing service for help.

How to Write a Request Letter for Grant

Many students ask “How to write a grant proposal for education?” and “What are the specifics of a request letter for a grant?” Like any other formal letter, this one has a similar structure:

  1. Contact information.
  2. Greetings.
  3. Brief information about the program you want to apply for and why.
  4. An explanation of your current situation (for example, financial) and why you need a grant for studying in a particular learning institution.
  5. The showcase of your strongest arguments on why you deserve a grant.
  6. The complimentary close.

Keep in mind that this letter will be the first communication between you and the representatives of a learning institution. So you need to be specific but brief and explain your situation in a laconic and informative manner.

Such a letter is an essential part of your application, just like an application essay. Therefore, you should definitely check our tips on how to write a scholarship essay without struggling.

How to Write Letters for Your Grant Applications?

To make the process of writing such a letter easier, we have prepared a sample grant request letter. Use it to provide your arguments and support your application for the grant.

Sample cover letter for proposal submission:

To: X

[contact information]

From: Y

[contact information]

Dear Dr. X

My name is Y. Currently, I’m a student of [your high school]. I’m really interested in the [desired program] and the opportunities that your learning institution provides.

I’m writing to ask you to consider me for [the name of the grant or scholarship program] award. You can find all the needed materials, such as transcripts, recommendation letter, and financial statements, enclosed. [Also add other evidence that you need to attach. For example, if you are a single mother or you are a veteran, etc.]

Becoming a [type of professional] is my big dream that I work hard to make come true. [List your achievements in studying, participation in sports, community service or volunteering projects and any other facts that emphasize your strengths and diligence]. I would appreciate the opportunity to continue studying and get a degree that will allow me to make my contribution to [the sphere of your specialization].

Thank you for your time and consideration.

I am looking forward to hearing from you soon!

Best regards,

[Your Full Name]

Details are essential

Consider who will read your application letter for funding support and keep your language clear and understandable. Avoid writing ambiguous and vaguely formulated sentences. This is one of the most important pieces of advice for writing any letter to a learning institution. For example, this is one of the rules which you have to stick to when writing your personal statement.

In your letter of the grant request be sure to also mention that:

  1. You want to study at this particular learning institution.
  2. You are interested in the chosen program.
  3. You have conducted research and know a lot about the opportunities that this learning institution provides their students with.
  4. You appreciate the time of the representatives of a learning institution.
  5. You are willing to provide any additional documents if they are needed.

Also, be sure to find ouе the receiver name. Usually, you can find contact information on the website of the learning institution.

Of course, make sure to proofread your letter and fix the mistakes as grammar is important in any type of writing, especially in the formal one. If English is not your first language, you might find our tips on writing in English as your second language useful.

These were our tips on how to write your letter of the grant proposal. We hope that you find them useful. Good luck!

 

A Complete Guide on How to Write an Autobiographical Essay

a girl writing in the notebook sitting on the grass

One of the most common types of essays that students have to write is an autobiographical essay. Some students don’t find this task that difficult while others struggle with the basic requirements that need to be followed in the writing process.

Many students get confused asking the same question: “How to write an autobiographical essay about myself for a scholarship?” To help you with that, we have compiled several guides that will lead you through every step of the work and will provide you with useful tips. After reading this article, you will know what types of an autobiography essay are and how to complete each of them in properly.  

By the way, have you seen our guide for writing a scholarship essay? Open it in the new to tab, so that you won’t forget to read it.

What Is an Autobiographical Essay?

Every assignment that your teacher gives you has its purpose. In the case of an autobiographical essay assignment, it is meant to teach you:

  • How to describe events, characters, and atmosphere
  • How to put your emotions into your writing
  • How to be more genuine in your writing

When you are writing an autobiographical essay, you don’t need to make up a story, analyze literature or historical facts or compile statistics. This is the assignment which can really show your writing skills, as you need to describe one of the stories that happened in your own life.

The choice of the story, as well as the emotions that were put into writing, can tell a lot about your personality. If you struggle with writing this or any other type of essay, you can also check out our useful tips on how to improve your writing skills.

How to Pick the Topic

There are two types of autobiographical essays which high school students have to perform. The first one implies describing a single story from your life or a significant event. The second one requires writing a brief description of your life from your birth.

If you need to choose only one story to describe in your essay — pick the one that:

  • You have a vivid memory of
  • You have a lot to say about
  • Brings a lot of emotions while thinking about it

Examples:

  • Your accomplishments – winning the competition, getting exceptional feedback on your achievements, creating the best piece of something (so far), meeting certain goals in studying, sports or hobby, etc.
  • Entertaining or unusual stories of your life – a funny or an interesting situation that has imprinted in your memory.
  • Some meaningful and significant event that happened for the first time in your life – meeting your soulmate, riding a bicycle or getting a pet.

You can make up some minor details to make your autobiographical essay sound more exciting, but the topic itself should genuinely and honestly describe some true story from your life.

How to Write an Outline

Every essay requires an outline. Before actually writing your essay, write down the main points of the story that you are about to tell and significant details that should be included.

Organize your ideas in the order in which you want to evolve them and start building your essay around this basis. If you are writing a complete autobiography, it’s necessary to use chronological order. But if you write about a particular event, you are not obligated to do this.

How to Write an Introduction for an Autobiographical Essay

Start an autobiography with a catchy sentence. The way you begin your story always defines the following content, so you need to get the reader’s attention and make your introduction interesting and exciting.

The first sentence of an autobiography might be:

  • An anecdote
  • A quote
  • An intriguing question
  • A short introductory sentence

You can also start from the end of the story and tell your readers about its finale first and then about previous events.

For example: “It was the day when I met my best friend and my soulmate.”

Don’t make your introduction part too long. The best option would be to jump in the actual story as soon as possible. This way you can keep your reader interested in the plot of the story.

A tip: Don’t forget that you should use a first-person narrative mode for an autobiographical essay. Use prepositions “I,” “me,” “my” when telling your story.

How to Write Your Story in a Compelling Way

If you struggle with the style of your essay and the number of details that you need to include, don’t worry, we can help you.

  1. Don’t be afraid of using vivid details as they help to make your story more interesting for the reader.
  2. Use the description of the setting and environment to help your readers imagine the situation better.
  3. Use the description of characters or yourself in the story. For example, the description of clothes, hair, mood, etc.
  4. Add a little humor to the text.
  5. Describe your emotions when talking about some significant events. For example, “When my father walked into the room holding a golden retriever puppy in his hands, I burst into tears of happiness.”

When writing an autobiography, it’s essential to define the key moments or individuals who had a significant role in your life. You need to make it clear why you choose to describe particular events – write about what you’ve learned from this experience or how your life has changed after that.

If you are going to write an autobiographical essay that covers the story of your life from birth to the current moment, speak about the most significant event or stages of your development. In this case, your essay shouldn’t be as detailed, but the chronological order and the reasons for mentioning particular events should be clear for the audience.

Do you find it challenging to focus on finishing your essay? We have a few pieces of advice for students who want to procrastinate less.

How to Write a Conclusion to Your Autobiographical Essay

When you need to finish your essay, it’s important to give a good impression as a conclusion is the most memorable part. Finish your story with the conclusion you made out of the story. For example, you can end your story about getting your first pet with:

“This puppy grew up fast and became my defender and companion, following me everywhere I go. I’ve never thought that I could get such a loving and devoted friend.”

After finishing your essay, proofread it and make your edits. No matter what type of paper you need to complete, each one has to be thoroughly checked for grammatical and punctuation errors, as well as for plagiarism. So don’t forget to perform these steps or ask a professional writing service to do that for you.

 

The Most Effective Tactics to Improve Your College Writing Skills in No Time

the girl writing in her notebook at the table outdoors

It’s hard to imagine a modern education without hundreds of written assignments for students each year. So, can we say that writing skills are one of the most important for a student in order to be successful in studying? Definitely, yes.

How can one improve the ability to write literate and thoughtful pieces? We are sure that this skill can be trained like any other. So, while you might be working on your muscles in a gym, let’s work on your “writing muscle” here.

Here are a few tactics and tips on how to improve writing skills in college:

  1. Use the right vocabulary
  2. Be laconic
  3. Don’t be afraid to rewrite your drafts
  4. Follow the instructions of your professor
  5. Read academic works
  6. Use quotes
  7. Work on the introduction
  8. Ask yourself a question

Let’s take a look at each one of these simple tactics that every student should use in their academic or creative writing for college or high school.

1 – Use the Right Vocabulary

Picking the right words is not always an easy task for a student but not for our writing service. We have some tips for you on how you can create your pieces using the perfect vocabulary for your college writing.

Simplify

Of course, some scientific terms can’t be replaced with simpler words. But when you have an opportunity to avoid complicated and nerdy words – do that. For example, “modern” instead of “contemporary,” “fit” instead of “accommodate,” etc.

The simpler your language is, the more readable and understandable your text will be. Moreover, when one uses abstruse and complicated words, the chances of making a mistake are getting higher.

The active voice

Using primary active voice is a common rule for academic writing as it is more preferable and easy to understand. Of course, sometimes you can’t avoid using passive voice. But try to build your sentences sticking to the sentence formula “Subject-Verb-Object.”

Present tense

This tip is primarily applied to the literature reviews and reports for English classes but can be used in any type of assignment. The trick is to use present tense instead of past.

For example:

“The interior of the room is modest and neat. It represents the ascetic lifestyle of the character as well as his good manners and tidiness.”

This is a general rule, and your professor will appreciate you knowing it.

2 – Be Laconic

Using short and laconic sentences is, as one would say, the most concise way to more effective and professional writing.

Avoid repetitions

You might think that paraphrasing can help you increase your word count without actually using different ideas and claims. But, actually, repetitions are way more apparent for a reader than you might think. Try to diversify your writing and use a proper amount of evidence, examples, and claims in your work.

  • Avoid using the same word regularly through your paper, find synonyms or substitutive words.
  • If you need to write a massive paper but you lack ideas, search for works that might give a hint of what to write about.
  • Evaluate your ideas further in the text using examples from similar works or literature.

Use short paragraphs

When you have too much text cluttered in big chunks, it’s hard to look through the text and perceive information. Short paragraphs are preferable just as short sentences. They help your professor to read your work faster and grade it higher.

3 – Don’t Be Afraid to Rewrite Your Drafts

There are a lot of students who are afraid to “ruin the work” and edit their drafts. Of course, they don’t want their time being spent in vain. So they leave the draft the way it is.

Edit your drafts without any regret even if it means that you have to edit significant parts of the text and spend a few more hours working on your piece.

Every writer would say that drafts are usually junk. Only after polishing them and editing, you can receive something valuable. Anyway, your professor will see if you don’t put enough effort in your assignment.

4 – Follow the Instructions of Your Professor

Never neglect the guidelines that your professors provide you with. Make sure to check out the advised sources, requirements, etc. They might be a useful source of ideas and words that you might use in your writing process. Especially, when you have to write, for example, IELTS essay which we also have some tips for.

Pay attention to the writers’ style and try to analyze how you can use it when writing an essay, a lab report or a research paper. While reading, notice if it is hard for you to read certain work or not. If it is hard to follow the idea of the writer, try to understand what makes it so hard for you. Your professor might be feeling the same confusion while reading your work.

5 – Read Academic Works

The more you read, the better understanding of the basic rules of writing you get. It’s a known fact that the best writers are also eager readers. When you read a lot, writing seems like an easy and natural thing to you. It’s just as well as grammar and punctuation which one can remember or make into a habit of literate writing.

So, reading a lot of literature and academic works will definitely boost your writing skills. If you are not a fan of studying materials, then fictional literature will also work.

6 – Use Quotes

Professors encourage students using quotes in their academic writing. But why? What is so great about quotes? You can use them for almost any type of assignment as:

  • A beginning sentence of the introduction
  • An example or evidence to support your claim
  • A transitioning sentence at the end of the paragraph

Using quotes in your work can give you ideas for the evaluation of your thought, reduce the amount of the mistakes as you take the piece of the edited text and give you an understanding of how to build your piece around them.

Cite sources

If you take any piece of someone’s work or base your claims on someone’s material, it’s obligatory to use citation and cite the sources that you used in your work. There are a few styles of citation (Chicago, MLA, APA style, etc.) that have certain specifics, so be sure to get acquainted with them. You can also require assistance and get work with the proper citation.

7 – Work on the Introduction

If you struggle with the writing of your assignments, it might be because you start from the wrong side. You might ask: “What does it mean? There is only one way to start writing – from the beginning!” Actually, it’s not so true. When writing even a one-page critical response essay, you have to provide a work that consists of:

  • Introduction and your thesis
  • Body paragraphs
  • The conclusion

Starting with an introduction seems logical. However, if you start with your body paragraphs first, you will see that the introduction and conclusion are easier for you to come up with. As you already have your main part, it’s easier to create a thesis statement and exciting introduction to your further thoughts.

So, starting your writing main part is always a good idea.

8 – Ask Yourself a Question

There is also one more tactic that one can successfully use in academic or any other type of writing. When creating an outline, write down questions that you need to answer in your work. This tactic is called “journalistic method,” as it implies asking yourself questions and finding answers to them. It is a kind of brainstorm which helps to start your work easier and structure your paper better.

Wrapping Up

The importance of the writing skills is on-going as it is used in academic, business and everyday life spheres. Developing your writing skills while you are in college will give an advantage for the future job. Moreover, better writing skills will lead to higher grades, and that’s what every student needs.

We hope that you have found our writing tips for college students useful and will use them when writing another assignment.

8 Awe-Inspiring Writing Strategies Famous Writers Used

a man typing on typewriter keyboard

Creating a decent piece is not an easy thing to do. Whether you need to write an essay, a review, a short story or a blog post, you might face the same difficulties as other professional writers do. So, we have prepared some useful tips from the best authors that will help you to improve your writing skills, beat writer’s block and increase your productivity.

Here are 8 strategies for developing writing skills from the best and the most productive authors in the world.

#1 – A “Daily Writing” Strategy of Steven King

Steven KingPhoto credit: Evan Agostini

If you don’t know who Steven King is, then you probably live under the rock. Being the king of the horror genre and one of the most productive writers of the 20-21 centuries, Steven King is glad to tell the story of his writing career. Moreover, he gives useful pieces of advice in his book On Writing. One of the most significant lessons from him is his strategy of daily writing.

A “Daily writing” strategy is all about constant practicing. King says that when you start your project, you shouldn’t stop for a single day until you are satisfied with your draft. Only by writing every single day, you can keep your skills strong enough. As writing skills can be trained like muscles, you have to keep them toned up.

Try to write at least one small piece a day. It doesn’t matter what it would be – a blog post, a letter to your girlfriend, etc. If you keep practicing every day, you will get used to writing and following your creative plan.

#2 – A “Cocoon” Strategy of Roald Dahl

Roald DahlSource: The Times

Dahl was commonly described by his friends as an “odd fellow.” While he was writing, he was sitting in his armchair with his legs wrapped in a sleeping bag. He could stay in this position all night long.

The setting around you is very important, so finding the most comfortable place and position is key to get your imagination free and stay productive for a long time. Some people love working while laying in bed, for others it’s crucial to have fully prepared stationary.

Not only Dahl was weird about his writing habits. For example, Gertrude Stein was writing only in the driver’s seat of her Ford and Hemingway wrote all his works while standing.

You should also find a special place or atmosphere which will awake your talent. If you want to stay more focused while studying or working, check out our article about the art of concentration.

#3 – A “Small Steps” Strategy of Graham Greene

Graham GreenePhoto credit: Yousuf Karsh

“In the old days, at the beginning of a book, I’d set myself 500 words a day, but now I’d put the mark to about 300 words.” Graham Greene

This writing strategy for struggling writers is all about the goals and methods of achieving them. Of course, you could set a plan of writing just as fast as Steven King (King writes about 10 pages or 2,000 words per day), but you would quickly realize that this tactic leads to exhaustion of your imagination.

Take slow steps, and establish manageable goals for each day of writing – you will see that the quality of your writing is much better when you’re not in haste.

#4 – A “Last Line” Strategy of Katherine Anne Porter

Katherine Anne PorterSource: Hulton Archive

A lot of writers start working on their pieces as soon as a plot idea hits them. But sometimes it leads to a block when one can’t figure out how to end a story. In order to avoid such a situation, Porter did other way round – she wrote the ending first. When she had an idea for her another piece, she wrote the last line and after that the last page of her piece. Only then she began working on the whole plot.

It’s a brilliant tip for every piece of writing, not only for stories and novels. When you start working on your essay, the first thing you should do is to formulate your thesis – a quick summary of your paper’s purpose. So, basically, you write your essay starting from the end of it.

This is one of the best writing strategies for students who are working on their papers and need help with formulating a thesis statement.

When you know how your piece will end up and what the whole plot leads to, you can be more comfortable with writing the rest.

#5 – A “Don’t Look at It Again” Strategy of Neil Gaiman

Neil GaimanPhoto credit: Rich Polk

It’s hard to fight the temptation of revising your written piece before it is finished. But Neil Gaiman advises the opposite method – writing till the end without looking at your work.

Don’t come back to recite the pieces that you have already written the previous day – write what comes to your mind. And when you are finished, compile all of the parts and edit the whole thing. You might find some pieces surprising as you have already forgotten about what their content is.

Moreover, Gaiman suggests looking the piece through after some time:

The best advice I can give on [revision] is, once it’s done, to put it away until you can read it with new eyes. Finish the short story, print it out, then put it in a drawer and write other things. When you’re ready, pick it up and read it as if you’ve never read it before. If there are things you aren’t satisfied with as a reader, go in and fix them as a writer: that’s revision.

#6 – A “Wait for It” Strategy of Hilary Mantel

Hilary MantelSource: The Daily Beast

Sometimes you get stuck. Instead of sitting with your piece in front of you, do something else. Draw, clean, listen to music or go to sleep. Sometimes you just need to take a little break and wait for a good thought to come.

She also recommends avoiding chatting or going to the party in this situation, as “someone’s words will pour in where your lost words should be.” Many students also find this advice one of the most useful among all of the writing techniques and strategies. And while you are waiting for your muse, check out our tips on essay writing.

#7 – A “ Writing Ritual” Strategy of Toni Morrison

Toni MorrisonPhoto credit: Timothy Greenfield-Sander

As we talked about the atmosphere and habits of writers, there are also some strange rituals that could be helpful to anyone who wants to get used to writing. Morrison claims that she didn’t realize it before one conversation with another author in which they talked about the things they do before writing. Morrison observed that she always got up before the dawn, made herself a cup of coffee and watched a sunrise.

You might also have some ritual that helps you to set up the right mood for work. Pay attention to the things you usually do before writing or establish new traditions.

#8 – A “Question” Strategy of Mary Lee Settle

Mary Lee SettleSource: AZ Quotes

A National Book Award-winner Mary Lee Settle said that she always started with a question and then tried to answer it. This way you will never run out of ideas as you can ask yourself about anything in the world and then evaluate your thought. For example, “What if I wake up in another universe?” “What if Shakespeare lived in our time?” “What if the gravity disappeared for a second?” etc.

Wrapping up

Students don’t have to be professional writers, but they can find the authors’ experience helpful as they commonly face the same difficulties. So, we hope that you have found our list of writing strategies that authors use helpful for your studying routine. Try out these tips to find ones that work for you.